# Table of contents

1. Schedule Spring 2021 2. Lecture notes 3. Problem sets 4. Numerical project:

- About the numerical project and the tools provided
- Milestone I: Background Cosmology
- Milestone II: Recombination History
- Milestone III: Evolution of structure in the Universe
- Milestone IV: The CMB and matter power-spectra
- How to write the report and grading
- Check your results by running our Online CMB Calculator

5. Slack group you can join to ask questions/get help / ITA UiO Astro forum for this course

# About the course

In this graduate course you will learn about the large scale structure and the Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) fluctuations: what is the underlying theory and the different physical effects that leads to observable signatures. We follow Dodelson and Baumann, but provide comprehensive online lecture notes, problem-sets and videos of all lectures so its possible to follow it without having the textbook (or attending the lectures if you prefer self-study). The aim of the course is not just to teach you the theory, but also how to code up the equations to make your own Einstein-Boltzmann solver that computes predictions that can be compared with actual observations. These things are already coded up for you in great packages like CAMB and CLASS which are flexible, full of features and is more accurate and runs faster than you will be able to do in this project (though its possible to get pretty close). But by doing it yourself you get experience in writing a bigger code and with this in hand you can easily explore the consequence of changing the cosmological parameters or turning on/off some of the physics and see how that affects the result to better understand the physics. We will also go through how to structure a code like this, how to test it and make sure it works correctly and the relevant algorithms you need to know to do it efficiently. You will also get experience in writing a proper research article based on the results of the numerical project. All these things - knowing the theory, understanding the physics and to be able to numerically solve for the predictions - are important to know to be a good modern cosmologist.

Figure 1: Key cosmological observables compared to observations: the luminosity and angular diameter distance, the CMB angular power-spectrum and the (linear) matter power-spectrum that you will learn the theory, the physical understanding and how to numerically compute the theoretical prediction for (and compare to actual data) in this course.

Figure 2: The theory predictions can be used to confront our cosmological model with observations, constrain the parameters and learn more about what the Universe contains and how it evolves. Here we show constraints on the total matter density $\Omega_M$, the dark energy density $\Omega_\Lambda$, the curvature of the Universe $\Omega_K$, the Hubble parameter $H_0$ and the neutrino masses $\sum m_\nu$ that follows from data like shown in Figure 1 (Taken from 1, 2).